Birth Control

Why are Catholics the only Christion religion that oppose artificial contraception?

It is true that at the present time, Catholics are the only Christians that teach that birth control (contraception) is sinful. It wasn't always that way. From the earliest days of Christianity, use of any means intended to preclude pregnancy, the natural result of the marriage act, was taught to be sinful. This was true even after the protestant reformation. It was not until about 1930 that contraception started to be acceptable in secular society. This was primarily due to one woman, Margaret Sanger, who is credited for founding Planned Parenthood which promoted contraception and abortion. The first official teaching of a Christian denomination in favor of contraception was issued by the Lambeth Conference of the Anglican churches of the world.

The Catholic Church was then, and is today, the steadfast adversary of Planned Parenthood and other organizations that promote contraception, abortion, and euthanasia. As science advanced new methods of contraception such as "the pill", the Catholic Church issued a definitive statement condemning all means of artificial birth control. This was eloquently presented by Pope Paul VI in his encyclical, Humanae Vitae

The Catholic Church warned Catholics and society at large that habitual use of contraception would encourage adultry, acceptance of abortion when contraception failed, increase the divorce rate as infidelity increased, and lead to an overall "culture of death" where life is no longer valued especially among the most defenseless; the unborn, the very young and the very old.

The CCC has this to say about the Love of Husband and Wife:

2367 Called to give life, spouses share in the creative power and fatherhood of God. "Married couples should regard it as their proper mission to transmit human life and to educate their children; they should realize that they are thereby cooperating with the love of God the Creator and are, in a certain sense, its interpreters. They will fulfill this duty with a sense of human and Christian responsibility."

2368 A particular aspect of this responsibility concerns the regulation of procreation. For just reasons, spouses may wish to space the births of their children. It is their duty to make certain that their desire is not motivated by selfishness but is in conformity with the generosity appropriate to responsible parenthood. Moreover, they should conform their behavior to the objective criteria of morality:

When it is a question of harmonizing married love with the responsible transmission of life, the morality of the behavior does not depend on sincere intention and evaluation of motives alone; but it must be determined by objective criteria, criteria drawn from the nature of the person and his acts, criteria that respect the total meaning of mutual self-giving and human procreation in the context of true love; this is possible only if the virtue of married chastity is practiced with sincerity of heart.
2369 "By safeguarding both these essential aspects, the unitive and the procreative, the conjugal act preserves in its fullness the sense of true mutual love and its orientation toward man's exalted vocation to parenthood."

2370 Periodic continence, that is, the methods of birth regulation based on self-observation and the use of infertile periods, is in conformity with the objective criteria of morality. These methods respect the bodies of the spouses, encourage tenderness between them, and favor the education of an authentic freedom. In contrast, "every action which, whether in anticipation of the conjugal act, or in its accomplishment, or in the development of its natural consequences, proposes, whether as an end or as a means, to render procreation impossible" is intrinsically evil:

Thus the innate language that expresses the total reciprocal self-giving of husband and wife is overlaid, through contraception, by an objectively contradictory language, namely, that of not giving oneself totally to the other. This leads not only to a positive refusal to be open to life but also to a falsification of the inner truth of conjugal love, which is called upon to give itself in personal totality. . . . The difference, both anthropological and moral, between contraception and recourse to the rhythm of the cycle . . . involves in the final analysis two irreconcilable concepts of the human person and of human sexuality.
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